Educator Features

Always Consider Safety
Teacher Section

Objective: To learn basic home safety rules.

Grade Level: K-4
Subject(s): Health, Science
Prep Time: < 10 minutes
Duration: One class period
Materials Category: Classroom

National Education Standards
Science
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
        Personal and community health
Materials:
  • Drawing paper
  • Crayons
Background Information

Accidents are the leading cause of death among children 1 to 4 years of age. Car accidents are the most common cause of death. Other accidental deaths involve hazards resulting from fire, hot water, medicines, chemicals, flammable materials, firearms and recreational sports when combined with not using proper protective equipment. This lesson will review basic home safety rules for children.

Bicycle Safety
  • Always wear a helmet to help prevent head injuries.
  • Observe all traffic laws and signals, just as automobile drivers must do.
  • Don't ride double or attempt stunts.
  • Ride near the curb in the same direction as traffic.
  • Avoid heavy or high-speed traffic.
  • Walk -- don't ride -- your bicycle across busy intersections and left turn corners.
  • Avoid riding in wet weather. When wet, handbrakes may require a long distance to stop.
  • Avoid riding in the dark. If you do, be sure the bike is equipped with a headlight, a taillight and reflectors. Apply retro-reflective trim to clothing, or wear reflective vests and jackets.
  • Do not wear loose clothing or long coats that can catch in pedals or wheels. Leg clips or bands keep pant legs from tangling in the chain.
  • Avoid crossing raised sewer grates.
Toy Safety
  • Have an adult check toys for breakage and potential hazards. Damaged or dangerous toys should be repaired or thrown away.
  • Toys with small parts that can be removed and swallowed need to be kept from babies and toddlers.
  • Put toys away when you’re finished playing so you don't trip over them or fall on them.
Poisoning
  • Make sure your house has safety latches and locks for cabinets and drawers in kitchens, bathrooms and other areas to help prevent poisonings and other injuries.
  • Ask your parents to keep household cleaning products and medicines out of reach and out of sight, preferably in a locked cabinet or closet.
  • Remember that medicines are not candy!
Electrocution
  • Have an adult put outlet covers on all electrical outlets to help prevent electrocution. Make sure the covers are large enough so that children cannot choke on them.
Drowning
  • Use doorknob covers and door locks to help keep children away from places with hazards associated with swimming pools. Ask an adult to place the locks out of reach of young children to prevent access to swimming pools. Locks should be used in addition to fences and door alarms.
Burns
  • Ask an adult to set the thermostat on the house water heater to a temperature no hotter than 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This helps prevent hot water burns at the faucet. Adults can also install temperature-mixing controls on faucets and showerheads to assure the temperature of the water is not excessive. A plumber may need to install these.
Guidelines
  1. Discuss accident prevention. Display selected safety tips from the Background Information section.
  2. Assign one safety tip per student. Have them label the bottom of the paper with the safety tip. On the left side of the paper, students will illustrate what should not be done. On the right side, students will draw the safety tip being correctly followed.
Discussion/Wrap-up
  • Have students share completed safety drawings.
Extensions
  • Let older students research topics and create safety coloring books for younger students.
  • Have students collect pictures from magazines of safety tips being followed to create a safety poster.